Türkçe | English
Course Catalog
Phone: +90 0462 3777637
Katalog Ana Sayfa
  Katalog Ana Sayfa  KTÜ Ana Sayfa   Katalog Ana Sayfa

AITB1001Atatürk's Principles and History of Turkish Revolution - I2+0+0ECTS:2
Year / SemesterFall Semester
Level of CourseShort Cycle
Status Compulsory
Prerequisites and co-requisitesNone
Mode of Delivery
Contact Hours14 weeks - 2 hours of lectures per week
LecturerÖğretim Görevlisi Aziz AŞAN
Co-LecturerProf. Dr. Uğur ÜÇÜNCÜ, Lect. Veysel USTA, Lect. Semra ÖZEN, Lect. Aziz AŞAN
Language of instructionTurkish
Professional practise ( internship ) None
The aim of the course:
to study and teach revolution and similar concepts which prepare the Turkish Revolution and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, 1st World War, National reactions after the Occupation of Anatolia, Atatürk, his life and principles, Preparation period of Turkish Grand Independence War, Opening the Turkish National Assembly (TBMM) , Abolishment of the Sultanate, Lozan Peace treaty, Declaration of Republic.
Learning OutcomesCTPOTOA
Upon successful completion of the course, the students will be able to :
LO - 1 : understand about the basic features, aims of the revolutions and related concepts and their relations with each other.21,
LO - 2 : grasp basic knowledge related to the internal and external reasons leading to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, and glean lessons from this process.21
LO - 3 : understand the revolutionary movements aiming to save the Ottoman Empire from collapsing, and understand why these movements failed, and make comparisons with Ataturk's modernisation movements.21
LO - 4 : understand why the Ottoman Empire collapsed and grasp the importance of the national movement initiated by Ataturk, comprehend national, historical and cultural importance of this arousal.21,
LO - 5 : understand how Independence War was won, with great self-sacrifice, and how the Turkish Republic was founded, and be able to grasp Turkish Revolutions and Ataturk's Principles wholeheartedly.2
LO - 6 : reserach various visual and written sources, materials and documents related to these subjects.2
CTPO : Contribution to programme outcomes, TOA :Type of assessment (1: written exam, 2: Oral exam, 3: Homework assignment, 4: Laboratory exercise/exam, 5: Seminar / presentation, 6: Term paper), LO : Learning Outcome

Contents of the Course
historical concepts, descriptions, descriptions of resources and methods, French Revolution and Industrial Revolution, Collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Tanzimat and Islahat Firman (order) , I. and II. Constitutional Monarchy, Tripoli and Balkan Wars, I. World War, Mondros Truce, Wilson principles, Paris Conference, Atatürk, Samsun and Anatolia, Amasya Notice, National Congress, Opening the Mebusan Assembly, Foundation of Turkish National Assembly (TBMM) , Internal rebellions, 1921 Organic Law, Foundation of the Army, I. Inönü, Sakarya, Kütahya, Eskişehir Wars and the Last Attack, Pacts during the Turkish War of Independence, Lozan Pact, Abrogate of Saltanate.
Course Syllabus
 WeekSubjectRelated Notes / Files
 Week 1introduction to the lecture and concept analysis
 Week 2The reasons of Turkish Revolution and the internal and external reasons of the collapse of the Ottoman State
 Week 3Renovation movements in Ottoman Empire, The reforms in Tanzimat period, The First and The Second Constitutional Monarch
 Week 4The Movements of Ideas in the late years of the Ottoman Empire (Ottoman, Islam, Western and Turkish Reflections), The Rule of The Committee of Union and Progress, March 31 rebellion, Tripoli and Balkan Wars.
 Week 5The causes of World War I, the outset of the war, The Involvement of the Ottoman Empire in the war. Fronts and their results
 Week 6The treaties about the allocation of the Ottoman Empire (The Bosphorus Treaty, London Treaty, Skyes Picot Treaty, St. Jean de Mourienne Treaty) The end of The World War I, Armenian incidents, Mondros Armistice
 Week 7National Struggle Period, the condition of the country in face of the occupations, Committees and their activities, Ataturk's arrival in İstanbul and owerwiev the situation
 Week 8The landing of Mustafa Kemal to Samsun, His activities in Havza and Amasya Announcement, Erzurum Congress and its importance
 Week 9Mid-term exam
 Week 10Balıkesir and Alaşehir Congresses, The İmportance of the Sivas Congress and other Congresses during the National Struggle period
 Week 11Amasya Negatiations, the meeting held with the Commanders in Sivas, The arrival of Representative Committce. The meeting of the last Ottoman members of Parliament the National Pact of 1920
 Week 12The opening of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, The Media in the National Struggle, The rebellions against the Turkish Grand National Assembly. The plans of allocating Turkey
 Week 13The foundation of the National Army (The Nationalist Forces, Systematic Army) The Southern and Southeastern Fronts, The Eastern Front (The Turkish Grand National Assemby-Soviet Russia Rolations)
 Week 14Armenian Problem, The wars against the Armenians, Turkish - Georgia Relations, The Western Front, (The First and Second İnönü Wars, Kütahya-Eskişehir Wars)
 Week 15Sakarya Battle, Grand Attack, Mudanya Ceasefire, The abolishment of the Sultanate
 Week 16End-of-term exam
Textbook / Material
1M. Goloğlu, Türk Devrim Tarihi, Trabzon 2010
2Mustafa Kemal, 1932, Nutuk, Ankara
Recommended Reading
1Komisyon, 2006, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Tarihi, Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Yayınları
Method of Assessment
Type of assessmentWeek NoDate

Duration (hours)Weight (%)
Mid-term exam 9 16/11/2022 30 50
End-of-term exam 16 04/01/2023 30 50
Student Work Load and its Distribution
Type of workDuration (hours pw)

No of weeks / Number of activity

Hours in total per term
Yüz yüze eğitim 2 15 30
Sınıf dışı çalışma 1 15 15
Laboratuar çalışması 0 0 0
Arasınav için hazırlık 5 1 5
Arasınav 2 1 2
Uygulama 0 0 0
Klinik Uygulama 0 0 0
Ödev 0 0 0
Proje 0 0 0
Kısa sınav 0 0 0
Dönem sonu sınavı için hazırlık 6 1 6
Dönem sonu sınavı 2 1 2
Diğer 1 0 0 0
Diğer 2 0 0 0
Total work load60