Türkçe | English

Course Catalog
Phone: +90 0462 0 (462) 377 26 06
Katalog Ana Sayfa
  Katalog Ana Sayfa  KTÜ Ana Sayfa   Katalog Ana Sayfa

INS4077Design of Retaining Structures3+0+0ECTS:6
Year / SemesterFall Semester
Level of CourseFirst Cycle
Status Elective
Prerequisites and co-requisitesNone
Mode of Delivery
Contact Hours14 weeks - 3 hours of lectures per week
LecturerProf. Dr. Osman SİVRİKAYA
Co-LecturerProf. Dr. Erol Şadoğlu
Language of instructionTurkish
Professional practise ( internship ) None
The aim of the course:
The course aims providing knowledge to students about lateral earth pressures and design of retaining structures
Learning OutcomesCTPOTOA
Upon successful completion of the course, the students will be able to :
LO - 1 : understand the meaning and concepts of tension and compression stresses for soils.1,
LO - 2 : have knowledge about shear strength of soils.6,101,
LO - 3 : Knowledge about lateral earth pressures theories6,101,
LO - 4 : determine the prenciples and requirements on the design of retaining structures.
LO - 5 : Design of retaining walls1,
CTPO : Contribution to programme outcomes, TOA :Type of assessment (1: written exam, 2: Oral exam, 3: Homework assignment, 4: Laboratory exercise/exam, 5: Seminar / presentation, 6: Term paper), LO : Learning Outcome

Contents of the Course
Lateral earth pressures. Retaining structures: retaining walls, sheet piled walls, braced excavations.
Course Syllabus
 WeekSubjectRelated Notes / Files
 Week 1Stress state of soils, Mohr-Coulomb failure criteria
 Week 2Sress-strain relationship. Shear stresses of cohesive and cohesionless soils.
 Week 3Shear Strength of Soils
 Week 4Lateral earth pressures due to granular soil
 Week 5Lateral earth pressures due to cohesive soil
 Week 6Lateral earth pressures-Rankine Theory
 Week 7Lateral earth pressures-Coulomb Theory
 Week 8Types of retaining structures
 Week 9Mid-term exam
 Week 10Design of retaing wall
 Week 11Design of retaing wall
 Week 12Principles of Design of Retaing Wall
 Week 13Solid Gravity Walls
 Week 14Reinforced Retaining Walls
 Week 15Design of Retaining Wall based on TBDY (2018)
 Week 16End-of-term exam
Textbook / Material
1Uzuner, B.A. 2016; Çözümlü Problemlerle Temel Zemin Mekaniği, Derya Kitabevi, 10. Basım,Trabzon.
2Sivrikaya, O. 2021; İnşaat Mühendisliğinde Temel İnşaatı II, Birsen Yayınevi, İstanbul.
3 Hugh Brooks, 2018. Basics of Retaining Wall Design 11th Edition: A design guide for earth retaining structures
4 Bowles, J.E.1988; Foundation Analysis and Design, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Fourth Edition,Singapore
5Das, B. M; Principles of Foundation Engineering,PWS-KENT Publishing Company, Second Edition, USA
Recommended Reading
Method of Assessment
Type of assessmentWeek NoDate

Duration (hours)Weight (%)
Mid-term exam 9 23/11/2021 1,5 50
End-of-term exam 16 11/01/2021 1,5 50
Student Work Load and its Distribution
Type of workDuration (hours pw)

No of weeks / Number of activity

Hours in total per term
Yüz yüze eğitim 2 14 28
Arasınav için hazırlık 8 1 8
Arasınav 1.5 1 1.5
Uygulama 1 14 14
Ödev 3 1 3
Dönem sonu sınavı için hazırlık 10 1 10
Dönem sonu sınavı 1.5 1 1.5
Total work load66